Lock History – Biometrics
What is Biometrics?
Biometrics consists of methods for measuring and analysing biological data based upon one or more intrinsic physical traits such as fingerprints, eye retinas and irises, facial pattern…
Authentication by biometric verification is becoming increasingly common in corporate and public security systems, consumer electronics and point of sale (POS) applications. In addition to security, the driving force behind biometric verification has been convenience.
What is a Fingerprint?
A fingerprint is an impression of the friction ridges found on the inner surface of a finger or a thumb.
- Ridge patterns and the details in small areas of friction ridges are unique and never repeated.
- Friction ridges develop in their definitive form before birth.
- Ridges are persistent throughout life except for permanent scarring.
Fingerprint Identification Science
Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) was the first to place the study of fingerprint on a scientific footing, which assisted its acceptance by the courts. Galton pointed out that there were specific types of fingerprint patterns. He described and classified them into categories.
- Left Loop
- Right Loop
- Plain Whorl
- Plain Arch
- Tented Arch
Fingerprint Recognition Development
Fingerprints were used as signatures in ancient Babylon and ancient China. Parties or officials were impressing their fingerprints into clay on which the contract had been written.
Early 1900s, fingerprint identification was widely used in criminal investigations.
Since the 1960s with the development of technology, fingerprint recognition became more accurate and thus entered an operational level.
A fingerprint sensor is an electronic device used to capture a digital image of the fingerprint pattern. The captured image is called a live scan. This live scan is digitally processed to create a biometric template (a collection of extracted features) which is stored and used for matching.
PC / Laptop Security
Fingerprint scanner and smart card scanner systems which prevent unauthorised access to your laptop or hand held PC are becoming key increase in protection of data and information . Together with our great range of fingerprint software we can now eliminate the need for multiple passwords whilst ensuring the highest security is maintained.
Network Login Solution
For business networks which require that extra level of security, biometric login solutions eliminate the possibility of passwords being lost / intercepted or guessed by malicious users. Using a biometric login solution for your network, access is restricted from the server machine ensuring any accounts you have created are being authenticated by their intended users.
Password management duties are also eliminated which will save your IT staff valuable time and resources. Unlike passwords, cards or tokens, fingerprints cannot be lost, forgotten, misplaced or stolen.
Online Application / Website Security
As internet security is heightened, more secure websites are turning to multiple passwords or verification of “secret answers” and personal information in order to authenticate users. Unfortunately the possibility of individuals to obtain this information about each other is still very much a threat as identity theft continues to increase through various means like E-mail Phishing and social engineering.
Biometric security online provides a stronger authentication by eliminating the use of passwords which can be lost, and authenticates users by what they are, rather than what they know.
Protect log-on to online accounts or secure sections of their websites by replacing user name and passwords with fingerprints
Validate transactions by requesting biometric authentication before orders are submitted or financial transactions are executed.
The management of voters to ensure no one votes twice has been a notoriously difficult application, however recent developments in the technology have allowed governments to adopt a high degree of security to prevent such a problem.